Effigy

   A commemorative representation of an individual, especially in sculpture or medals. The earliest tomb effigies of the Renaissance showed the deceased as a corpse, with the Tomb of Mary of Hungary (1325; Naples, Santa Maria Donnaregina) by Gagliardo Primario and Tino da Camaino providing a Proto-Renaissance example. In the 15th century, this mode persisted, as Bernardo Rossellino's Tomb of Leonardo Bruni in the Church of Santa Croce, Florence (c. 1445) illustrates. It was not until the 16th century that live effigies became common. In the 1532 project for the Tomb of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo planned for a reclining effigy, and his tombs of the Medici dukes in the New Sacristy of San Lorenzo, Florence (1519-1534), present seated effigies above the tomb. The most animated examples are from the 17th century, among them the enthroned effigy in the Tomb of Pope Urban VIII by Gian Lorenzo Bernini at St. Peter's, Rome (1628-1647), who raises his right arm in a blessing gesture and is enveloped by movemented drapery.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Effigy — Ef fi*gy, n.; pl. {Effigies}. [L. effigies, fr. effingere to form, fashion; ex + fingere to form, shape, devise. See {Feign}.] The image, likeness, or representation of a person, whether a full figure, or a part; an imitative figure; commonly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • effigy — [ef′i jē] n. pl. effigies [Fr effigie < L effigies, a copy, image < effingere < ex , out + fingere, to form: see FIGURE] a portrait, statue, or the like, esp. of a person; likeness; often, a crude representation of a despised person burn …   English World dictionary

  • effigy — index counterpart (parallel), resemblance Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • effigy — 1530s, image of a person, from M.Fr. effigie (13c.), from L. effigies copy or imitation of something, likeness, from or related to effingere mold, fashion, portray, from ex out (see EX (Cf. ex )) + fingere to form, shape (see FICTION (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • effigy — *image, statue, icon, portrait, photograph, mask …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • effigy — [n] dummy figure, icon, idol, image, likeness, model, picture, portrait, puppet, representation, statue; concept 436 Ant. being, entity …   New thesaurus

  • effigy — ► NOUN (pl. effigies) ▪ a sculpture or model of a person. ORIGIN Latin effigies, from effingere to fashion …   English terms dictionary

  • Effigy — For other uses, see Effigy (disambiguation). Effigies redirects here. For the punk group, see The Effigies. Elizabethan tomb effigies of Sir Richard Lee (died 1591) and his wife in St Mary s Church, Acton Burnell, Shropshire …   Wikipedia

  • effigy — effigial /i fij ee euhl/, adj. /ef i jee/, n., pl. effigies. 1. a representation or image, esp. sculptured, as on a monument. 2. a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule. 3. in effigy, in public view in the form… …   Universalium

  • effigy — ef|fi|gy [ˈefıdʒi] n plural effigies [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: effigies, from effingere to form ] 1.) a ↑statue of a famous person effigy of ▪ an effigy of Saint Francis 2.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • effigy — See: HANG IN EFFIGY or BURN IN EFFIGY …   Dictionary of American idioms

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